In mathematics, an ellipse (from the Greek for absence) is a plane algebraic curve where the sum of the distances from any point on the curve to two fixed points is constant. The two fixed points are called foci (plural of focus).
An ellipse is a type of conic section: if a conical surface is cut with a plane which does not intersect the cone's base, the intersection of the cone and plane is an ellipse. For a short elementary proof of this, see Dandelin spheres.
Algebraically, an ellipse is a curve in the Cartesian plane defined by an equation of the form
Ax2 + Bxy + Cy2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0
such that B2 < 4AC, where all of the coefficients are real, and where more than one solution, defining a pair of points (x, y) on the ellipse, exists.